August 11, 2016

"Russia’s national regulator fined Alphabet Inc.’s Google 438 million rubles ($6.75 million) for violating antitrust rules on tablets and mobile phones, after reviewing a complaint filed by local search engine Yandex NV last year."

Bloomberg: The fine was determined as a share of Google Play’s domestic sales, a Federal Anti-Monopoly Service representative said. by Ilya Khrennikov

'Local rules stipulate that fines represent 1 percent to 15 percent of a violator’s revenue for 2014, the official said, without elaborating on the exact figure.

'FAS, as the regulator is called, found last year that Google violated laws by requiring mobile-device makers to install its services, including search, as a precondition to getting Google Play on gadgets powered by its Android operating system. The world’s leading phone software supplier also didn’t allow third-party services, such as Yandex’s search, to be preinstalled, the regulator said at the time.

'Google received notification from FAS about the fine and will study the decision closely before determining further action, Google said in an e-mailed statement.'

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