RT: The new spacecraft called ‘Ryvok’ or ‘Charge’ would greatly cut the costs of the lunar trip.
'The “Ryvok” (Charge of Breakthrough) project has been unveiled at the Human Space Exploration international conference in the city of Korolev located near Moscow – a first-of-its-kind event hosted by Roscosmos with the cooperation of the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA).
'According to Energia’s plans, the new spacecraft will be permanently based on the ISS – or its descendant – and will serve as the mid-way shuttle for delivering cargo and crews to the moon, previously brought up to the Earth’s orbit by the time-tested and trustworthy Soyuz series ships and the cutting edge Angara series rockets.
'To power each flight, Ryvok will rely on a modernized standard accelerator block, which will be delivered into orbit by the Angara A5 heavy-lift launch system separately. The expendable accelerator will be used to provide the necessary thrust power for Ryvok to reach moon on a journey that would last about five days.
'For a smooth docking back to the orbital Space Station, the module will come equipped with a 55 square meter “umbrella” needed to reduce Ryvok’s speed on a return journey to Earth.
'The Russian developer believes that Ryvok will be much more cost efficient compared to the Federation, another new-generation manned spacecraft that Energia is currently developing to tow both humans and cargo to Earth’s orbit and potentially the moon.
'“The cost of the Ryvok reusable manned spacecraft mission is a third lower than the costs of the Federation manned transport spacecraft mission,” Energia's representative Yuri Makushenko told international delegations.'