University of Jena: They used a special form of laser beams in the experiment.
'"As can be done with the physical states of elementary particles, the properties of light beams can also be entangled," explains Dr Marco Ornigotti, a member of Prof. Szameit's team. For physicists, "entanglement" means a sort of codification. "You link the information you would like to transmit to a particular property of the light," clarifies Ornigotti who led the experiments for the study that was now presented.
'In their particular case, the physicists have encoded some information in a particular polarisation direction of the laser light and have transmitted this information to the shape of the laser beam using teleportation. "With this form of teleportation, we can, however, not bridge any given distance," admits Szameit. "On the contrary, classic teleportation only works locally." But just like it did at the starship USS Enterprise or in quantum teleportation, the information is transmitted fully and instantly, without any loss of time. And this makes this kind of information transmission a highly interesting option in telecommunication for instance, underlines Szameit.'