January 03, 2016

"Dawn is now well-positioned to make many more discoveries on the first dwarf planet discovered."

Planetary Society: Dawn is 240 miles (385 kilometers) from Ceres. by Dr. Marc D. Rayman

'It is also 3.66 AU (340 million miles, or 547 million kilometers) from Earth, or 1,360 times as far as the moon and 3.72 times as far as the sun today. Radio signals, traveling at the universal limit of the speed of light, take one hour and one minute to make the round trip.

'Jan. 1 will be the 215th anniversary of Giuseppe Piazzi’s first glimpse of that dot of light from his observatory in Sicily. Even to that experienced astronomer, Ceres looked like nothing other than a star, except that it moved a little bit from night to night like a planet, whereas the stars were stationary. (For more than a generation after, it was called a planet.) He could not imagine that more than two centuries later, humankind would dispatch a machine on a cosmic journey of more than seven years and three billion miles (five billion kilometers) to reach the distant, uncharted world he descried.

'Dawn can resolve details more than 60 thousand times finer than Piazzi’s telescope would allow. Our knowledge, our capabilities, our reach and even our ambition all are far beyond what he could have conceived, and yet we can apply them to his discovery to learn more, not only about Ceres itself but also about the dawn of the solar system.'

NASA / JPL-Caltech / UCLA / MPS / DLR / IDA

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